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Plant Guide

Daucus carota var. sativus


Pronunciation: DO-kus kar-OH-tuh varierty sa-TEE-vus
Family: Apiaceae/Umbelliferae (carrot Family)
Common Name: carrot
Plant Type:
  • fruits, vegetables

Height to: 2'
Width to: 4"
USDA Hardiness Zones:
  • Not apply

Bloom Description: The leaves all originate from the base of the plant and stand a foot or two tall. If left in the ground for a second growing season, carrots will produce flowers. The tiny white flowers are arranged in showy compound umbels that stand a foot or so above the leaves. The tapered taproot for which carrots are grown can be 2-36 in (5-91 cm) long, depending on the variety and the growing conditions
Sun Exposure:
  • full sun
  • part sun

Plant Perks:
  • Attracts Butterflies
  • Easy to Grow/Ideal for Children
  • Edible

Propagation: Carrots are grown from seed, usually planted in rows a foot or more apart, and then thinned to only 3-6 in (7.6-15 cm). Germination may take a week or more. In northern areas carrot planting is timed to avoid the main hatch of the carrot root fly, whose maggots attack carrot roots; consult your local county extension agent for dates in your area. In the south, carrots are grown in the winter and carrot root flies are not a problem.
Native to: The carrot probably was developed in Afghanistan from the wild Queen Anne's lace (D. carota var. carota), which is native to Asia and Europe and widely naturalized in North America.
Notes:

Source: Floridata

Care: Regular watering is best. Carrots will go dormant and may even lose their leaves during excessive droughts or hot weather, but they sprout back when conditions get better. The roots from such carrots are woody and tasteless, but the carrots will still flower and produce seed.

Carrots are quite cold hardy, withstanding temperatures into the low teens (°F), and even seedlings can tolerate moderate frosts. Flavor is enhanced by frost. Mature carrots can be left in the ground over winter. Protect with mulch during severe freezes.

Carrot roots are high in carotene which humans convert to vitamin A. The black swallowtail butterfly lays its eggs on plants in the carrot family, and the caterpillars feed on the foliage, so grow a few extra carrots for the butterflies!

The root of the wild carrot, or Queen Anne's lace, is also eaten, and its aromatic seeds are used as a flavoring.

Carrot is a caterpillar host plant for Anise Swallowtail and the Eastern Black Swallowtail

 


USDA Heat Zones (days above 86ºF):
  • Less then 1 day ZONE 1
  • 1 to 7 days ZONE 2
  • 7 to 14 days ZONE 3
  • 14 to 30 days ZONE 4
  • 30 to 45 days ZONE 5
  • 45 to 60 days ZONE 6
  • 60 to 90 days ZONE 7
  • 90 to 120 days ZONE 8
  • 120 to 150 days ZONE 9
  • 150 to 180 days ZONE 10

Submitted by: Deano2u2
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