Plant Guide

Dracaena deremensis

Pronunciation: druh-SEE-nuh dair-rem-MEN-sis
Family: Dracaenaceae
Common Name: Dracaena
Plant Type:
  • trees, shrubs

Height to: 12'
Width to: 5'
USDA Hardiness Zones:
  • 40 to 30ºF ZONE 10
  • 50 to 40ºF ZONE 11

Propagation: air layering, tip or stem cuttings, or by the removal and rooting of basal shoots in spring or late summer


Height: 8 to 12 feet
Spread: 2 to 5 feet
Plant habit: upright
Plant density: open
Growth rate: moderate
Texture: coarse


Leaf arrangement: spiral
Leaf type: simple
Leaf margin: undulate
Leaf shape: linear
Leaf venation: parallel
Leaf type and persistence: evergreen
Leaf blade length: 8 to 12 inches
Leaf color: variegated
Fall color: no fall color change
Fall characteristic: not showy


Flower color: yellow
Flower characteristic: flowers periodically throughout the year


Fruit shape: round
Fruit length: less than .5 inch
Fruit cover: fleshy
Fruit color: red
Fruit characteristic: inconspicuous and not showy

Trunk and Branches

Trunk/bark/branches: showy; typically multi-trunked or clumping stems
Current year stem/twig color: green
Current year stem/twig thickness: very thick


Light requirement: plant grows in the shade
Soil tolerances: slightly alkaline; clay; sand; acidic; occasionally wet; loam
Drought tolerance: moderate
Soil salt tolerances: poor
Plant spacing: 24 to 36 inches


Roots: usually not a problem
Winter interest: no special winter interest
Outstanding plant: not particularly outstanding
Invasive potential: not known to be invasive
Pest resistance: long-term health usually not affected by pests

Use and Management

Dracaena looks best in shade and is tolerant of drought and a wide variety of soil types, though preferring an organic soil. Plant on one to two-foot centers in a mass planting. Shade tolerance makes this a good house plant.

The cultivar 'Warneckii' has a broad stripe along each margin and is commonly available.

Propagation is by tip cuttings.

Mites, thrips, and chewing insects are a problem.

Pests and Diseases

Dracaenas are sensitive to leaf spot diseases.

Origin: not native to North America
Uses: specimen; container or above-ground planter; border; suitable for growing indoors
Availability: generally available in many areas within its hardiness range


The upright, multiple, unbranched stems of Dracaena, with rosettes of arching, broad evergreen leaves, forms a heavy but graceful tropical clump, suitable for low-maintenance container culture or specimen planting in the shaded landscape. Leaf color ranges from green to grey-green with various white striped patterns available. The white striped and variegated cultivars can brighten a shaded yard or dark corner.

Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS

Submitted by: iris
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